History of Ebooks [Infography]
Ebooks- It all began as in 1971 Project Gutenberg initiated by Michael Hart at the University of Illinois.Below infographic from ebookfriend.ly is designed to show the history of ebooks over the last 40 years, and how e-books have history and heritage. They are with us, in many cases, for many years – and in many cases we didn’t even know about it.Comparing with the infographic below there are some missing notable events on Ebooks history in specific years are listed below .
Project Gutenberg was started in 1971 by Michael Hart at the University of Illinois with the aim of establishing an electronic public library of 10,000 books. Project Gutenberg files have always been in plain text to make them as easy as possible to download.Project Gutenberg continues today at promo.
When there were only about 100 people using the internet, Bob Gunner, a publisher of comic book fanzines and writer of fantasy/horror books, made his stories accessible using ASCII text files through the emerging member downloads libraries at Prodity and America Online. When graphics became available, he moved to a local internet provider and built a homepage.During the same period, Ken Jenks started Mind Eye ePublishing, which allowed visitors to read a page of a novel before buying it. The company was bought out in 1999 and can now be found at alexit.
Eastgate Systems, a company known for creating computer games, published its first hypertext fiction work: “Afternoon”, a story by Michael Joyce. The book was available on floppy disk.
John Galuskza, founder of Serendipity Systems, created an ebook display program called PC-Book. It featured numbered pages and bookmarks.
DOS-based ebooks were converted to Windows-compatible editions.
BiblioBytes launched a website to sell ebooks over the internet, the first company to create a financial exchange system for the net.
The format in which ebooks were published changed from plain text to HTML.Roy Hoy launched the publishing company The Fiction Works (www.fictionworks.com) specifically to produce ebooks.
American publisher Simon & Schuster created a new imprint, ibooks, and became the first trade publisher simultaneously to publish titles in ebook and print format. Featured authors included Arthur C Clarke, Irving Wallace, Howard Fast and Raymond Chandler.
Oxford University Press offered a selection of its books over the internet through netLibrary.
The National Institute of Standards and Technology in America held its first ebook conference. Dick Brass of Microsoft declared that ebooks were the future of reading. “We are embarking on a revolution that will change the world at least as much as Gutenberg did,” he declared, and predicted that by 2018, 90% of all books sold would be ebooks.
The free software Glassbook ebook reader for PC is launched. In August Microsoft launched its first ebook reader software. Called Microsoft Reader, it can be used on a PC, ebook reader or PDA.Microsoft and Amazon joined forces to sell ebooks. The online bookstore used the new Microsoft software to enable customers to download their ebooks on to PCs and handhelds.
Adobe launched its latest ebook reader software, an updated version of the Glassbook reader, allowing users to underline, take notes and bookmark.
For other notable events on Ebook can be found below Infography.